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Thursday, July 23, 2020 | History

2 edition of Economic issues in the reduction of rural hospital capacity found in the catalog.

Economic issues in the reduction of rural hospital capacity

Jon B. Christianson

Economic issues in the reduction of rural hospital capacity

a research summary

by Jon B. Christianson

  • 10 Want to read
  • 31 Currently reading

Published by Western Rural Development Center, Oregon State University in Corvallis, Or .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Rural hospitals -- Economic aspects.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJon B. Christianson.
    SeriesWRDC paper -- no. 11.
    ContributionsWestern Rural Development Center.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination27 p. ;
    Number of Pages27
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16121253M

    Economic growth (e.g. in agriculture) is not enough. To promote rural development and inclusion, countries must take specific policy and programmatic actions that reach the poor directly. This should include a combination of social and economic policies that address today’s challenges and enable and empower rural people to earn a living and. The obstacles faced by health care providers and patients in rural areas are vastly different than those in urban areas. Economic factors, cultural and social differences, educational shortcomings, lack of recognition by legislators and the sheer isolation of living in remote areas all conspire to create health care disparities and impede rural Americans in their struggle to lead .

    With member countries, staff from more than countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. In medicine, rural health or rural medicine is the interdisciplinary study of health and health care delivery in rural environments. The concept of rural health incorporates many fields, including geography, midwifery, nursing, sociology, economics, and telehealth or telemedicine.. Research shows that the healthcare needs of individuals living in rural areas are different from those in .

    remains after controlling for urban-rural differences in hospital capacity, wages, scope of services, and so forth. However, few studies have concentrated on non-metropolitan hospitals to examine. W. Bruce Vogel is with the Department of Health Services Administration and Institute for Health Policy Research.   Across differing regions, medical institutions (often referred to as “anchor institutions”) play a major role in the social and economic vitality of cities. In total, hospitals provide employment for more than million Americans, with tens of thousands of new healthcare jobs added each month.


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Economic issues in the reduction of rural hospital capacity by Jon B. Christianson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Rural hospital executives discuss past, present and future struggles and opportunities. Over the past few years and as we move into the future, many rural and critical access hospitals throughout the country have continued to struggle when it comes to rising costs of care and decreased reimbursements, as well as the recruitment and retention of high.

The National Center for Rural Health Works' Economic Impact section offers templates for communities, healthcare organizations, and others to illustrate the economic impact of the various components of the health sector. This tool also provides the results of several economic impact studies focused on specific rural regions and topics.

The opioid epidemic and medical surge capacity are among emerging issues that threaten rural hospitals' ability to maintain access to healthcare services in. To examine the effect of rural hospital closures on the local economy.

Data Sources. U.S. Census Bureau, OSCAR, Medicare Cost Reports, and surveys of individuals knowledgeable about local hospital closures.

Study Design. Economic data at the county level for – were combined with information on hospital by: The estimates suggest that hospital closures have a negative direct effect on the economic health of the county only if the hospital is the only hospital in the community.

Model 1 shows that counties losing the only hospital in the county experience a long term decrease in real PCI of roughly $ (in currency).Cited by: conceptual issues regarding the role of agriculture in both rural and overall development, emphasizing its role in poverty reduction; and to explore if agricultural development can be an engine of growth and poverty reduction in developing countries, and under what.

- Blog post explores rural and community hospital closures over the last ten years and the impact this has on their communities. Describes how the COVID pandemic highlights weaknesses and disparities in the health system and rural America. Provides recommendations to promote sustainability and support struggling rural hospitals.

Health is higher on the international agenda than ever before. Concern for the health of poor people is a central development issue. In addition to its intrinsic value for individuals, investment in health is an important and previously underestimated means of economic development; substantially improved health outcomes are a prerequisite if.

The rural health community has seen a dramatic shift from independent of physician-owned RHCs to provider-based or hospital-owned RHCs, he said. In49% of visits were at independent or. The Changing Face of Rural &Small Town America • Changing demographics –growing Hispanic population –aging population –outflow of young adults--inflow of older adults, birth rates declining • Health issues –Obesity above national rates for all age groups –rural kids less likely to walk to school –Populace is very auto-reliant.

basic education, health care, support for women in developing countries, safe water supply, and the improvement of regional differences through assistance to poor rural areas. Concept of Assistance for Rural Development Rural Development Issues Rural development issues are often equated with poverty reduction.

The productivity and production capacity of peo-ple and economic sectors, such as agriculture and industry, depend on people’s health and secure wa-ter availability. Investing in the health of people, eco-systems and more effi cient water use are investments that not only provide immediate economic benefi ts.

capacity for full participation in social costs arise from these inequities, including threats to economic development, democracy, and the social health of the nation.” 7. knowledge, public health, medicine, social work, sociology, psychology, urban planning, community economic development, environmental sciences, and housing.

The National Rural Health Association says rural hospitals are at risk to close, and of those are at "extreme risk"-- 60 rural hospitals closed between and. The report, Challenges Facing Rural Communities and the Roadmap to Ensure Local Access to High-quality, Affordable Care, underscores the importance of local access to essential health services, as well as the economic impact rural.

Rural livelihoods are enhanced through effective participation of rural people and rural communities in the management of their own social, economic and environmental objectives by empowering people in rural areas, particularly women and youth, including through organizations such as local cooperatives and by applying the bottom-up approach.

Rural Capacities for Treatment, Intervention, and Care. Several of the above issues contribute to low treatment success rates in rural areas. In looking at differences within rural areas, Oser and Harp discovered that cultural differences between home and treatment venues played a large role in rural treatment outcomes [], findings echoed by McMaster for female methamphetamine.

Our conceptual framework for examining hospital capacity draws on basic economic theory. From an economics perspective, we can view the supply of a. productivity of rural areas was correlated with the travel time to a large town. The travel time included small rural roads and then larger national roads, but the most cost-effective way to reduce this was investment in minor rural roads.

Access to health care. The experience with poverty reduction has been mixed. The last official estimate of poverty corresponds toaccording to which 22 per cent of the population was below the poverty line, suggesting a sharp reduction compared to the estimates. During this period, million rural poor and 27 million urban poor moved out of poverty.

Part 2 provides an overview of rural public health systems, highlighting exemplars of rural public health practice from 4 states: Colorado, Kentucky, Alabama, and Iowa.

Part 3 covers methods for identifying rural health disparities, conducting needs assessments, mobilizing coalitions, and building community capacity in rural communities.Caitlin Cain is a Fulbright Scholar and former CEO of the World Trade Center of New Orleans.

Her experience and skills "are needed now more than ever,” said LISC CEO Maurice A. Jones, "as our rural communities look for new ways to attract jobs, improve health and support sustained growth in the midst of Covid and economic recession.

Health-related disparities remain a persistent, serious problem across the nation's more than 60 million rural residents.

Rural Populations and Health provides an overview of the critical issues surrounding rural health and offers a strong theoretical and evidence-based rationale for rectifying rural health disparities in the United States. This edited collection .